May 22, 2017

This project is intended to demonstrate the act of harnessing the power of wind to generate energy in an urban setting. The work is designed to crown the top of a fairly tall building, and can be viewed from the roof or the street below. Extending upward from the parapet walls of the roof, two diagonal metal rods on opposite corners meet in one corner to create a triangular sail shape on two sides of the building. Within the structure is a grid containing many circular micro-turbines, which rotate in the wind, generating electricity which can be utilized within the building.


Sail, 2017, Recycled steel frame, micro-turbines, and LED lights, 60 x 60 x 60 feet (Daytime view)

The turbines consist of blades of contrasting colors, making their movement more apparent during the daytime. Each turbine also contains an LED light in the center which will brighten and dim depending upon the speed at which it is rotated. The design would be best suited for taller buildings in coastal areas or other locations where there is continuous breeze from a consistent direction.


Sail, 2017, Recycled steel frame, micro-turbines, and LED lights, 60 x 60 x 60 feet (Nighttime view)

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Pendant Bridge

May 21, 2017

This wind-based project is integrated into the support structure of a pedestrian bridge, and intended to demonstrate the movement of the wind in a three-dimensional setting. In this work, two columns support larger diagonal cables connected to the base of the bridge, while additional vertical cables extend between the diagonal cables and the base. The vertical cables hold varying numbers of triangular, pendant-shaped aluminum panels which rotate freely in the wind.


Pendant Bridge, 2017, Recycled steel frame with aluminum panels, 96 x 16 x 24 feet

Much like a contemporary version of a weathervane, the pendants indicate the direction of the wind. Viewers can walk across the bridge, among the pendants, experiencing the changing direction of the wind through visual cues within an immersive space.


Pendant Bridge, 2017, Recycled steel frame with aluminum panels, 96 x 16 x 24 feet (First-person view)

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Water Gardens

These two works illustrate the way rainwater can be harvested and reused within buildings. Both projects involve harvesting systems on the roof which bring water down into an interior courtyard with a pool containing aquatic plant life, and possibly fish and other marine life as well.

The first project utilizes moving water to generate energy. A chute directs harvested rainwater into a series of wheels, which rotate, releasing water into the pool below. While the wheels are designed to be aesthetically elegant visual components, they also power generators which serve as a source of electricity within the building. The wheels remain still during most times, and are only put in motion during rainfall. The act of generating electricity is illustrated through a series of underwater lights which become illuminated when the wheels are activated.


Water Garden I, 2017, Rainwater, waterwheels, LED lights, plant life, and marine animals, 73 x 43 x 71 feet

The second version consists of a similar environment, but in place of of components which rotate, instead involves components which vibrate and resonate with sound. Water is directed through a series of chains suspended from the ceiling, causing the chains to rattle, while some of the chains are placed above bells located near the surface of the pool. Water from the chains falls onto the bells creating a soft ringing sound as well.


Water Garden II, 2017, Rainwater, chains, bells, plant life, and marine animals, 73 x 43 x 75 feet

Both versions of the Water Garden portray water as an activating element, which brings the works to life. The idea of water as a life-giving element is also emphasized by the presence of aquatic plant life. The pools remain full at all times, circulating the existing water, and being replenished with new water during rainfall, allowing excess water to then be routed to additional irrigation systems on the grounds, or to be reutilized in toilets or as process water within the building.

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Spectrum Shelter

This project combines the movement of the sun with colored panes of glass, to create a patterned color projection which changes throughout the day and year. The tilted, tent-shaped metal frame construction is approximately 8 feet wide by 8 feet tall at one end and 20 feet wide by 20 feet tall at the other end. The structure is oriented length-wise to the north and south, with vertical supports spaced about 2 feet apart, each holding several panes of colored glass. The eastern facade contains cooler colors, while the western facade contains warmer colors.


Spectrum Shelter, 2017, Recycled steel, colored glass, 30 x 30 x 20 feet (Morning view, East facade)

The colors on the eastern facade are intended to emphasize the cooler light temperature at sunrise, while those on the western facade enhance the warmer light temperature, or “golden hour” experienced before sunset. The metal frame structure casts shadows that move throughout the day, while the interior is illuminated with cooler colors earlier in the day, and warmer colors later in the day. The structure would be best suited for a wide-open space such as a public plaza, but could also be used as an entry lobby, or corridor space connecting two parts of a building.


Spectrum Shelter, 2017, Recycled steel, colored glass, 30 x 30 x 20 feet (Afternoon view, West facade)

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City Lights

This project is intended to illustrate the act of collecting and utilizing solar energy in an urban setting. The work consists of a series of 4-foot-wide square and triangle-based metal-framed towers between 12 and 26 feet tall. The top surface of each tower is slanted at a 45-degree angle and oriented to be facing south, consisting of a photovoltaic panel facing skyward, a high capacity battery within, and a panel of LED lights on the underside. During the day, the solar panels collect energy to be stored in the batteries, which is then released as light in the evening.


City Lights, 2017, Recycled steel, photovoltaic panels, batteries, LED lights, 17 x 17 x 26 feet (Daytime view)

The towers would ultimately be located in a park within a larger city, in which comparison could be drawn between the silhouettes of the towers and the city skyline. The towers are essentially symbols of buildings, existing on a slightly more human scale, in which people can walk in and among them. The collection, storage, and use of solar energy within the sculptures is intended to make people consider how solar energy can be utilized within the built environment. The vertical orientation of the towers will also result in elongated shadows which move across the ground during the day as the angle of the sun changes. The geometric nature of this work would allow for it to be designed with custom heights and configurations depending upon where it is located.


City Lights, 2017, Recycled steel, photovoltaic panels, batteries, LED lights, 17 x 17 x 26 feet (Evening view)

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Keyhole Columns

May 20, 2017

This public work consists of 16 vertical columns arranged in a 4 by 4 grid, with each column containing 18 openings. Viewers can walk between the columns observing the changes in light and shadow throughout the day and year. The columns are constructed from reclaimed railroad ties, and can be easily assembled, disassembled, and transported.


Keyhole Columns, 2017, Reclaimed railroad ties, 25 x 25 x 11 feet

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This public work consists of 3 foot by 3 foot stacks of reclaimed timber arranged in a step pyramid pattern modeled after a bismuth crystal. The piece is designed to be climbed on and is easily assembled, disassembled, and transported.

Castle Scale 517

Castle, 2017, Reclaimed timber, 39 x 36 x 18 feet

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A Dark Wood – Noyes Arts Garage

February 18, 2017


A Dark Wood, originally presented by Curious Matter and Art House Productions in Jersey City, is now on view at Stockton University‘s Noyes Arts Garage in Atlantic City. Black Lake was selected for this group exhibition organized around the theme of seeking guidance and direction in times of crisis.

On view January 13 through April 23, 2017 at 2200 Fairmount Ave in Atlantic City, NJ

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Trees of Life and Evil Eyes – Abrazo Interno Gallery

December 10, 2016


Eye (2014) was selected for Trees of Life and Evil Eyes, a contemporary take on superstition, symbols, and mysticism. The exhibition was organized by Yiddish New York, curated by Tine Kindermann and Deborah Ugoretz, and hosted by Abrazo Interno Gallery.

On view December 8 through 28, 2016 at 107 Suffolk Street on the Lower East Side

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Interiors – Kenneth Noland

November 25, 2016

Kenneth Noland is a key figure in American abstract art, best known for his role in the Color Field painting movement of the 1940s and 50s. Using stripes, chevron patterns, and concentric circles, he explored the way adjacent colors interact with each other. Later in his career he began working with shaped canvases, creating dynamic, asymmetrical compositions. These three interiors are inspired by the clean, angular appearance of these works.


Ring (1977) by Kenneth Noland

Grasshopper Floor Lamp in Blue/Grey by Greta Grossman for Gubi, Bennington Pendant in White Oak by Hollis + Morris, Note Floor Lamp with Table in Light Grey by Blu Dot

Swept Sofa in Thurmond Light Grey by Blu Dot, 16″ Side Table in Satin Carrara Marble by Eero Saarinen for Knoll, Large Polygon Wire Table by Studio 7.5 for Herman Miller, Katrin Chair with Fur in White by Carlo Colombo for Arflex, Field Lounge Chair in Edwards Navy by Blu Dot

Cemento Oak Flooring by Listone Giordano, Lori Silk Rug in Banana Ink by Warp & Weft


Second (1979) by Kenneth Noland

Counterweight Pendant in Ash by Fort Standard for Roll & Hill, Polaris Tri Floor Lamps in Maple and Walnut by Bower

Pi Small Side Table in White Ash/White by Blu Dot, Dyngja 3-Seater Sofa by Erla Solveig Oskarsdottir for Getama, Tavolo 032 Table by DIMORESTUDIO, Toro Lounge Chair in Day by Blu Dot, Womb Chair and Ottoman in Sprout Melange by Eero Saarinen for Knoll, Mini O Table in Black Steel/Green Marble by OX Denmarq

Angora Shag Rug in Ivory by Warp & Weft, Cashmere Oak Flooring by Listone Giordano


Vault (1976) by Kenneth Noland

Counterweight Floor Lamp in Ash/Brass by Fort Standard for Roll & Hill, Float Chandelier by Bower, IC F1 Floor Lamp in Brass by Michael Anastassiades for Flos

Bonnie Leather Sofa in Ink by Blu Dot, Moire Side Tables by Bower, Tavolo 063 Table by DIMORESTUDIO, Plateau Side Table by Blu Dot, Havana Wing Chair by Busk + Hertzog for SOFTLINE, Poltroncina 072 Chair by DIMORESTUDIO

Testa Di Moro Oak Flooring by Listone Giordano, Linear Rug in Aloo Natural by Warp & Weft

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